National Curriculum Framework: Additional “choice” plus “more examinations”

The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for School Education 2023, released by the Ministry of Education, aims to revamp school curricula nationwide by focusing on conceptual understanding rather than memorization and content accumulation. The revised curriculum contains more subjects in grades 9-12. It includes three languages in classes 9-10 and two in grades 11-12.

They also proposed two board exams in a year for grade 10 and 12 students. However, some school educators have expressed concerns about the additional exam and the increased number of subjects for grades. State governments will receive the document after the Ministry of Education investigates the specifics and procedures required to implement the NCF.

More “options” but also more tests for grades 9 through 12 under the National Curriculum Framework

Additionally, rather than taking place once a year, board exams for students in grades 10 and 12 occur twice annually to reduce their workload and enable them to achieve better scores.

More subjects but a lighter course load

According to the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for School Education 2023, which became available by the Ministry of Education on Wednesday, students in grades nine and up will receive an education with more subjects but a lighter course load, more board exams, and less emphasis on memorization.

An expert panel revamps school curricula

A steering committee led by former ISRO chairman K Kasturirangan developed the NCF, which will practically revamp school curricula nationwide. The paperwork came to Dharmendra Pradhan, the education minister, on July 28 before it became public on August 23.

While the NCF’s stated objectives, which prioritize conceptual understanding rather than “memorization and content accumulation,” are there with the NEP, the proposed curriculum for the secondary classes makes several significant additions.

The Change in curriculum in grades 9-12

For instance, students will learn three languages in grades 9 and 10, at least two of which must be Indian languages. There are now 10, as opposed to five or six, total subjects for these grades.
Students must take two languages in grades 11 and 12, one of which must be an Indian language. The conventional method of selecting a “stream” of subjects, such as the humanities or business, will also be discontinued.

Grades 10 and 12 take board exams twice a year

Additionally, board exams for students in grades 10 and 12 will now occur twice annually rather than just once, purportedly to lessen their workload and allow them to raise their marks.

The issue with the proposed plan

Most school educators who spoke with The News agency supported the NCF, but some also raised objections.

“Students will have to study for the same exam twice a year, which is a drawback even though an additional board exam allows them to improve their performance. The number of subjects also rose (for grades 9 and 10) from the previous five to six to 10,” according to a school principal from Ahmedabad who spoke to The news agency under the request of anonymity.

The Ministry of Education addresses these issues

When asked about these worries, a Ministry of Education source informed a news agency that the NCF’s “intricacies” are being investigated.

“The advisory group just submitted its proposed NCF to the ministry as of right now. The Ministry of Education will investigate the nuances and the steps necessary into practice,” the source said.

“We hope state authorities will adhere to the NCF in letter and spirit as it executes what the NEP 2020 envisioned. The document continues to get distributed to state governments,” he continued.

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