India Launches its Milestone Chandrayaan-3 Mission

India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission, launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, aims to become the fourth nation to land on the moon. The project, created by ISRO, consists of a lander, propulsion module, and rover. The mission aims to gather information and conduct research experiments on the moon’s surface. Chandrayaan-3 mission cost around $75 million. India’s ambitious Chandrayaan-1 mission found water molecules on the moon’s surface.

India launches its historic Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission

Indian engineers have been working on the launch for a long time. They plan to land Chandrayaan-3 close to the unexplored South Pole of the moon’s surface.

India’s ambitious moon mission

With the launch of its Chandrayaan-3 mission on Friday, India is attempting to become just the fourth nation to carry out an authorized landing on the moon.

At 2:30 p.m. local time (5 a.m. ET), Chandrayaan, which means “moon vehicle” in Sanskrit, expects to launch from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in southern Andhra Pradesh state.

ALSO READ |Launch of Chandrayaan-3: A Comparison of Two Moon missions

India is trying a soft landing on the lunar surface

India is attempting a soft landing for the second time after Chandrayaan-2, its previous attempt, failed in 2019. Chandrayaan-1, its first lunar probe, orbited the moon before being purposefully crash-landed onto the lunar surface in 2008.


Chandrayaan-3, created by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), consists of a lander, a propulsion module, and a rover. To gather information and carry out many research experiments to better understand the moon, it will safely land there.

The United States, Russia, and China are the only other nations to have completed the challenging task of soft-landing a spacecraft on the moon’s surface.

On the launch, Indian engineers have been working for many years. They intend to set down Chandrayaan-3 close to the terrain of the unexplored South Pole of the moon.

The Ambitious Chandrayaan-3 Mission

Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar mission, found water molecules on the moon’s surface. When Chandrayaan-2 effectively reached lunar orbit eleven years later, its rover nevertheless crashed on the moon’s surface. They designed it to investigate the South Pole of the moon.

Despite the mission’s failure, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised the scientific team behind it and pledged to continue working on India’s space program and goals.

The cost of India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission has since risen to about $75 million.

India’s Achievement in Space

India launched the Mangalyaan probe into orbit around Mars in 2014, becoming the first Asian country to do so. The mission cost $74 million to launch, less than the $100 million Hollywood spent on the space thriller “Gravity.”

India set a record by launching 104 satellites in one mission three years later.

The ambition of India in space projects

India intends to establish a self-sufficient space station by 2030, according to former ISRO chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan in 2019. The moon and Mars are not the end of India’s space ambitions. The ISRO has also suggested sending a spaceship to Venus.

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